July 31 2014 Latest news:
Tuesday, June 24, 2014
If the balloon – or rather the mushroom cloud – had gone up during the 1970s or 1980s, this is where the last people alive in Ipswich could be watching the devastation.
If Britain had come under nuclear attack in the 1970s or 1980s about 20 people would have ended up in the bunker under the police station and Crown Court.
The top official would have been then Suffolk County Council chief executive Clifford Smith, pictured, who would have taken on the role of the county’s Emergency Controller.
Mr Smith still lives in Ipswich, and remembers the training that emergency staff were given to prepare for the possibility of nuclear war.
He said: “We were sent to the civil defence training centre at Easingwold where we played out certain scenarios. It was not something we liked to think about.”
There were designated officials from many different bodies who had places reserved in the bunker.
“The police, fire and hospitals had designated people who had also been to Easingwold for training. Then there were members of the Red Cross and volunteer Raynet radio operators,” he said.
They realised that the bunker in Ipswich would not offer a great deal of protection – unlike bunkers in Essex for the regional officials which were much larger and better protected.
The emergency centre was not only for use in a nuclear war. It saw actual use in a small number of real emergencies over the year.
The last time it was used was in 1987 in the wake of the hurricane.
There is now an emergency centre at the police headquarters at Martlesham – but that is above ground as the threat of a nuclear attack has reduced and there is an acceptance that it is unlikely anyone would survive a nuclear attack.
Mr Smith said: “The most important role it had was in maintaining contact with people across the county through Raynet – communications have improved significantly since then.”
But they probably wouldn’t have been around for long after a nuclear attack because the town’s bunker under the police station and former Crown Court would only have offered very limited protection.
The bunker has entrances from both the police station and the court, in case one was blocked in the blast, but it is only about 12 feet below street level.
And it is accessed through apparently normal doors – there is no sign of the thick lead-lined doors that feature in films or TV dramas about a nuclear conflict.
We visited the bunker with Ipswich council leader David Ellesmere, the borough took over the building at the end of last month after the police moved a short distance to their new station in Museum Street.
The bunker itself has a number of rooms, which all had different uses during the day-to-day operation of the police station.
However at times of civil emergency it could be a control centre for the whole of Suffolk – and still has maps on the wall showing the river system and details of the road and rail network across East Anglia.
The bunker includes several rooms, including a small kitchen, toilets, and plant rooms. It is not clear what was in the plant room, but it seems likely to have included an independent generator.
There was a stock of iodine tablets available which would be taken to stave off the worst effects of radiation sickness.
However Mr Ellesmere doubted whether those in the bunker would have a long-term future.
He said: “I remember the TV drama Threads from the 1980s which dealt with the effects of a nuclear attack on the city of Sheffield.
“There was one scene about a month after the attack when the army reached the bunker that had been the nerve centre for the city.
“They found it was intact, but everyone inside was dead from radiation poisoning – I’m sure that is what would have happened here.
“There were smaller bunkers in the countryside, and all they were for was for someone to send details of what had happened there – there was no expectation they would survive. I suspect it was the same here.”