Why Suffolk should never forget the Cobbold dynasty
PUBLISHED: 19:35 03 January 2020 | UPDATED: 23:01 05 January 2020
Cobbolds powered Ipswich Town Football Club, created jobs at their brewery, gave us Christchurch Mansion and kick-started the rise of Felixstowe
You'll doubtless have heard about the Cobbolds - the family once famous for its Ipswich brewery and pubs. And its stewardship of Ipswich Town Football Club during the glory years… and some seasons not so thrilling.
It was "Mr John" Cobbold - its eccentric chairman for nearly two decades from 1957 - who put things in perspective during a trying time on the pitch. "There is no crisis at Ipswich until the white wine runs out in the boardroom."
Mr John is but one colourful Cobbold from the past.
It was late-ish in 2004 that The Cobbold Family History Trust launched, aiming to encourage the study of, and research into, family history.
The driving force is Devon-based Anthony Cobbold. To mark the 15th birthday, we're taking a look at five Cobbolds. (Thanks to Anthony for most of the information.)
Lady Evelyn Cobbold, 1867 to 1963
The first British female convert to Islam on record as having made the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Daughter of the hard-up 7th Earl of Dunmore, she wintered regularly in Africa as a child, with Algerian and Egyptian staff, and became immersed in the culture of the Arab Muslim world.
In 1891 she married John Dupuis Cobbold, from the brewing dynasty, and lived in Ipswich. Evelyn struggled to settle. She did much travelling abroad - without her husband - and they separated in the 1920s.
The aristocrat was in her mid-60s when she determined to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. Not easy for a foreign, female, convert. She wrote a book that made her something of a celebrity.
William Facey co-wrote a biography for a 2008 edition of "Pilgrimage to Mecca". He explained that "as a lone female Muslim she was able to do something no English traveller before her had been able to do: to describe the secluded female side of domestic life in Mecca and Medina".
One of her children, Col John "Ivan" Murray Cobbold, put up the money for Ipswich Town to become a professional football club in 1936.
Ivan and Lady Blanche Cavendish's sons, John and Patrick, both served as chairmen of the club - upholding the sense of Corinthian spirit.
Felix Thornley Cobbold, 1841 to 1909
The youngest son of John Chevallier Cobbold and Lucy Patteson went to Eton, Oxford's Trinity College and King's College, Cambridge.
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He returned to Suffolk, to brewer Cobbold & Co, after a brother died. When another breathed his last, Felix took his place with banker Bacon, Cobbold & Co.
Felix (one-time Liberal MP for the town) donated land to Ipswich for St Clement's Baths; gave a clock and set of bells to St Clement's Church; and gifted 45 acres for Gippeswyk Park.
In 1895, it looked as if Christchurch Mansion in Ipswich would be knocked down. "Felix offered to buy the mansion and give it to Ipswich if the borough could find the relatively modest £15,000 being asked for the park. The deal was done…"
His farmland was left to the county. Today, the Felix Thornley Cobbold Agricultural Trust aims to improve agriculture - in particular by educating farmers and young people in developments and techniques.
John Chevallier Cobbold, 1797 to 1882
The Bury St Edmunds Grammar School pupil became a dock commissioner, treasurer of Ipswich and East Suffolk Hospital, and Ipswich's MP from 1847 to 1868.
He was chairman of Eastern Union Railway and a director of Ipswich and Bury St Edmunds Railway. "It was John Chevallier Cobbold who kick-started the development of Felixstowe. He bought land there… and built the first hotel."
Dr Thomas Spencer Cobbold, 1828 to 1886
The Ipswich-born son of a clergyman at 16 became an apprentice to a Norwich surgeon. He qualified as a doctor at Edinburgh University and began a career in research.
Among other posts, Thomas became Professor of Botany and Helminthology (the study of parasitic worms) at the Royal Veterinary College and Emeritus Professor of Geology at the British Museum.
Francis Edward Cobbold, 1853 to 1935
Francis was just 14 when he became a ship's apprentice and sailed south - escaping cannibals and a hurricane, and arriving in Australia in 1873.
He became a ranch manager and surveyor. Francis prospered - a huge sheep station in Queensland was one interest.
Much of his estate was left to The Royal United Kingdom Beneficent Association, to help needy Suffolk folk.
"RUKBA is now Independent Age. In their accounts published at the end of 2004 the FE Cobbold Trust had a value of £9.9million."
- See here for details of the trust. Anthony has taken care of almost all running expenses to date, but it's hoped an endowment fund (donations welcomed!) will guarantee its future.